Established in 1933, the Civilian Conservation Corps (aka. CCC) was created to provide instant relief for the young unemployed in America. Its main purposes included: providing work for men 18-25; paying $30 a month, $25 of which had to go home to their families; keeping men in military organised camps and to work on regional environmental products, which included national parks, access roads and public facilities.
The CCC was set up for unemployed, unmarried men and mainly provided unskilled manual labour jobs related to the development of rural lands. Although maximum enrolment at any one time was just 300,000 – in the nine years the CCC ran over 2.5 million young men participated. One of the reasons it was the most popular of all the New Deal programs is because it instantly provided jobs where there were none. As well as providing paid work, it increased morale of young people and future employability. The program also led to greater public awareness and appreciation of the nation’s natural resources.
During the time it ran, workers planted nearly 3 billion trees to help counter deforestation in America; constructed more than 800 parks, as well updating many existing state parks; they also made great progress in efficient forest fire fighting methods as well as building a network of service buildings and public roadways in remote rural areas of America. The CCC also operated a separate programs for war veterans and Native Americans.
The CCC was never intended to be a long term solution, even though it was met with immeasurable support. It relied on emergency legislation and was in the disbanded due to the call to war effort rendering it obsolete. It disbanded in 1942.